Incidence of thrombosis in relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel: Mayo Clinic experience

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is effective in relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma and results in a unique toxicity profile, namely cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome. The hyper-inflammatory state associated with these toxicities has been suggested to increase the risk of thrombosis.
We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) to assess the rate of thrombosis with axi-cel therapy from the time of CAR T-cell infusion until the end of hospitalization, when performed in the inpatient setting, or up to day +30 when performed in the outpatient setting. Ninety-two (95%) of 97 patients were hospitalized during axi-cel therapy and 85 (88%) developed CRS. Fifty-five patients (57%) received concurrent anticoagulation (53 as prophylaxis). Patients with prior VTE did not have progression https://joplink.net/antigens/ or evidence of new VTE. Only 2 (2.1%) patients developed VTE. These results demonstrate a low-risk for thrombosis in axi-cel recipients.

The Protective Action of Piperlongumine Against Mycobacterial Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Its Mitigation of Inflammation and Macrophage Infiltration in Male BALB/c Mice

Introduction: Piperlongumine (PL) is a bioactive alkaloid and medicinal compound of piperamide isolated from the long pepper (Piper longum Linn). It has demonstrated bactericidal action against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), the cause of pulmonary tuberculosis; nevertheless, immunomodulatory activity had not been identified for it in MTB-triggered granulomatous inflammation. This study investigated if piperlongumine could inhibit such inflammation.
Material and methods: Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv was subjected to a broth microdilution assay. Piperlongumine at 5, 15, and 25 μg/mL, 0.2% dimethyl sulphoxide as control or 4 μM of dexamethasone were tested in vitro on MH-S murine alveolar macrophages. BALB/c mice were orally administered PL at 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg b.w. after trehalose-6,6-dimycolate (TDM) stimulation.
Chemokine and cytokine concentrations were determined in lung supernatants. Flow cytometry and Western blot analysis were performed to determine phosphorylated spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways.
Results: Piperlongumine inhibited inflammatory mediators and adherence of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 to MH-S cells following TDM activation. It also improved macrophage clearance of MTB. In TDM-stimulated MH-S cells, PL significantly influenced the macrophage inducible Ca2+-dependent lectin receptor (Mincle)-Syk-ERK signalling pathway. Oral dosing of PL effectively suppressed the development of pulmonary granulomas and inflammatory reactions in the TDM-elicited mouse granuloma model.

Prevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii in Retail Fresh Meat Products from Free-range Chickens in Spain

Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most prevalent zoonotic protozoan parasites worldwide and affects the vast majority of warm-blooded animal species, including humans. Postnatal infection in humans occurs through the ingestion of sporulated T. gondii oocysts or via the oral intake of parasite tissue cysts during the consumption of raw or undercooked meat. In this regard, given their high exposure to oocysts, chickens (Gallus domesticus) raised on the ground constitute a potential source of T. gondii.
Material and methods: For the first time in Spain, a survey was undertaken in commercial retail free-range poultry. A total of 50 thighs from different animals were analysed. The samples were homogenised and an acid pepsin digestion procedure was applied prior to molecular analysis. Toxoplasma gondii DNA was isolated from meat by qPCR. Two sets of primers were used for DNA amplification targeting the specific sequence of a 529 bp repeat element and another set of primers was utilised for the surface antigen protein-1 gene.

Interrelationships between amphiregulin, kisspeptin, FSH and FSH receptor in promotion of human ovarian cell functions

The aim of this study was to investigate: (1) the ability of granulosa cells to produce amphiregulin (AREG), kisspeptin (KISS) and FSH receptor (FSHR); (2) the role of AREG and KISS in the control of ovarian functions; (3) the effect of FSH and KISS on AREG; and (4) the ability of KISS to affect FSHR and to modify FSH action on AREG output by human ovarian granulosa cells. We examined: (1) time-dependent accumulation of AREG; (2) effects of AREG (0, 1, 10, 100ng/mL) and KISS (0, 1, 10, 100ng/mL) on granulosa cell functions; and (3) the effects of KISS (0, 1, 10, 100ng/mL), FSH (0, 1, 10, 100ng/mL), and their combinations on AREG release.
Viability, markers of proliferation [accumulation ofproliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) cyclin B1 and sodium 3′-[1-(phenylaminocarbonyl)-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy6-nitro)benzene sulfonic acid hydrate (XTT formazan)] and apoptosis (accumulation of bax, caspase 3 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labelling), accumulation of KISS, FSHR and steroid hormones, and AREG release were analysed by Trypan blue exclusion test, quantitative immunocytochemistry, XTT, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labelling assays and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
AREG promoted cell viability, proliferation and steroid hormone output, and inhibited apoptosis. KISS (1 and 10ng/mL) stimulated viability, proliferation, steroid hormone release and occurrence of FSHR and suppressed apoptosis and AREG output; KISS (100ng/mL) had the opposite effect. FSH stimulated AREG release, whilst addition of KISS reversed this FSH effect. FSH mimicked and promoted the inhibitory effect of KISS on AREG release. These results suggest an intra-ovarian production and a functional interrelationship between AREG, KISS, FSH and FSHR in direct regulation of basic ovarian cell functions.

Novel PE and APC tandems: Additional near-infrared fluorochromes for use in spectral flow cytometry

Recent advances in flow cytometry instrumentation and fluorochrome chemistries have greatly increased fluorescent conjugated antibody combinations that can be used reliably and easily in routine experiments. The Cytek Aurora flow cytometer was first released with three excitation lasers (405, 488, and 640 nm) and incorporated the latest Avalanche Photodiode (APD) technology, demonstrating significant improvement in sensitivity for fluorescent emission signals longer than 800 nm.
However, there are limited commercially available fluorochromes capable of excitation with peak emission signals beyond 800 nm. To address this gap, we engineered six new fluorochromes: PE-750, PE-800, PE-830 for the 488 nm laser and APC-750, APC-800, APC-830 for the 640 nm laser.
Utilizing the principal of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), these novel structures were created by covalently linking a protein donor dye with an organic small molecule acceptor dye. Additionally, each of these fluorochrome conjugates were shown to be compatible with fixation/permeabilization buffer reagents, and demonstrated acceptable brightness and stability when conjugated to antigen-specific monoclonal antibodies. These six novel fluorochrome reagents can increase the numbers of fluorochromes that can be used on a spectral flow cytometer.

Paraneoplastic and Other Autoimmune Encephalitides: Antineuronal Antibodies, T Lymphocytes, and Questions of Pathogenesis

Autoimmune and paraneoplastic encephalitides represent an increasingly recognized cause of devastating human illness as well as an emerging area of neurological injury associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Two groups of antibodies have been detected in affected patients. Antibodies in the first group are directed against neuronal cell surface membrane proteins and are exemplified by antibodies directed against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR), found in patients with autoimmune encephalitis, and antibodies directed against the leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 protein (anti-LGI1), associated with faciobrachial dystonic seizures and limbic encephalitis. Antibodies in this group produce non-lethal neuronal dysfunction, and their associated conditions often respond to treatment.
  • Antibodies in the second group, as exemplified by anti-Yo antibody, found in patients with rapidly progressive cerebellar syndrome, and anti-Hu antibody, associated with encephalomyelitis, react with intracellular neuronal antigens.
  • These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with underlying malignancy, and neurological impairment is the result of neuronal death. Within the last few years, major advances have been made in understanding the pathogenesis of neurological disorders associated with antibodies against neuronal cell surface antigens.
  • In contrast, the events that lead to neuronal death in conditions associated with antibodies directed against intracellular antigens, such as anti-Yo and anti-Hu, remain poorly understood, and the respective roles of antibodies and T lymphocytes in causing neuronal injury have not been defined in an animal model.
  • In this review, we discuss current knowledge of these two groups of antibodies in terms of their discovery, how they arise, the interaction of both types of antibodies with their molecular targets, and the attempts that have been made to reproduce human neuronal injury in tissue culture models and experimental animals.
  • We then discuss the emerging area of autoimmune neuronal injury associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors and the implications of current research for the treatment of affected patients.

 

Cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation for persistent epithelial defect in severe ocular surface diseases with acute inflammatory activity.

OBJECTIVE
To assess the medical efficacy of cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation (COMET) for the remedy of persistent epithelial defect (PED).
METHODS
We handled 10 eyes of 9 sufferers with PED (Stevens-Johnson syndrome: three eyes; thermal/chemical harm: 5 eyes; ocular cicatricial pemphigoid: two eyes) with COMET at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan from 2002 to 2008.
RESULTS
Preoperatively, PED existed on over greater than 50% of the corneal surface in seven eyes. Severe ocular surface irritation with fibrovascular tissue surrounded the PED in all 10 eyes. At 24-weeks postoperative, PED had improved in all instances besides 1 in which the affected person was unable to return to the hospital (95% CI, 55.5-99.7; Wilcoxon signed-rank check, p = 0.0078).
The preoperative median of logarithmic minimal angle of decision was 1.85 (vary 0.15-2.70), and 1.85, 1.85, and 1.52 on the 4th, 12th, and 24th postoperative week, respectively.
The imply whole preoperative ocular surface grading rating was 7.0 (vary 4-17). At Four and 12 weeks postoperative, the whole ocular surface grading rating had improved considerably (p = 0.0020, p = 0.0078), and at 24 weeks postoperative, it was 3.0 (vary 2-12, p = 0.0234). During the follow-up interval (median 23.Three months, vary 5.6-39.7 months), no recurrence of PED was noticed in any eye, and long-term ocular surface stability was obtained.
CONCLUSIONS
COMET enabled full epithelialization of PED and stabilization of the ocular surface in sufferers with severe ocular surface illness, thus stopping end-stage cicatrization and imaginative and prescient loss at a later stage.
 Cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation for persistent epithelial defect in severe ocular surface diseases with acute inflammatory activity.
Cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation for persistent epithelial defect in severe ocular surface diseases with acute inflammatory exercise.

Antianxiety-like results of Chimpi (dried citrus peels) in the elevated open-platform check.

Dried citrus peels (Chimpi) is likely one of the most typical pure medicines with qi (power circulate) rectifying and shi (dampness) drying actions, which originates from Citrus unshiu, and/or C. reticulata in response to the definition of the pharmacopoeiae of Japan and China. In this examine, the pharmacological results of their extracts and main chemical constituents hesperidin and its aglycone hesperetin on nervousness had been examined with an nervousness mannequin of elevated open-platform check utilizing ICR male mice (6-week-old) and whole period of freezing was decreased in fluoxetine-treated mice, which is a straightforward and extremely delicate to the consequences of serotonergic anxiolytics.

EDTA disodium salt dihydrate

GE3023-1KG 1 kg
EUR 70

EDTA disodium salt dihydrate

GE3023-250G 250 g
EUR 46

EDTA disodium salt dihydrate

GE3023-500G 500 g
EUR 54

EDTA disodium salt dihydrate

GE3023-5KG 5 kg
EUR 150

EDTA, Disodium Salt, Dihydrate

CH032 500 g
EUR 163

EDTA, Disodium Salt, Dihydrate

CH033 1.0 kg
EUR 195

EDTA, Disodium Salt, Dihydrate

CH034 2.5 kg
EUR 334

EDTA disodium and monocalcium salt

EK014P2 500g
EUR 96.11

EDTA copper(II) disodium salt

EB0434 250g
EUR 83.93

EDTA disodium and monomagnesium salt

EB0435 500g
EUR 110.9

EDTA zinc (II), disodium salt

EB6666 100g
EUR 64.79

EDTA magnesium disodium salt hydrate

GE3956-100G 100 g
EUR 66

EDTA magnesium disodium salt hydrate

GE3956-1KG 1 kg
EUR 245

EDTA magnesium disodium salt hydrate

GE3956-250G 250 g
EUR 102

EDTA magnesium disodium salt hydrate

GE3956-25G 25 g
EUR 45

EDTA magnesium disodium salt hydrate

GE3956-500G 500 g
EUR 154

EDTA disodium zinc salt hydrate

GX3802-100G 100 g
EUR 54

EDTA disodium zinc salt hydrate

GX3802-250G 250 g
EUR 75

EDTA disodium zinc salt hydrate

GX3802-25G 25 g
EUR 43

EDTA disodium zinc salt hydrate

GX3802-500G 500 g
EUR 110

EDTA manganese disodium salt hydrate

GX6009-100G 100 g
EUR 102

EDTA manganese disodium salt hydrate

GX6009-250G 250 g
EUR 174

EDTA manganese disodium salt hydrate

GX6009-25G 25 g
EUR 58

EDTA manganese disodium salt hydrate

GX6009-500G 500 g
EUR 269

EDTA calcium disodium salt dihydrate, BP, Ph. Eur., USP grade

GE8581-1KG 1 kg
EUR 201

EDTA calcium disodium salt dihydrate, BP, Ph. Eur., USP grade

GE8581-250G 250 g
EUR 86

EDTA calcium disodium salt dihydrate, BP, Ph. Eur., USP grade

GE8581-500G 500 g
EUR 126

ATP (disodium salt)

HY-B0345A 10mM/1mL
EUR 113

Methoxatin (disodium salt)

HY-100196A 10mM/1mL
EUR 186

Fluorescein, disodium salt

FB0203 100g
EUR 63.92

POPSO, disodium salt

PB4959 25g
EUR 76.97

NADH (disodium salt)

HY-F0001 10mM/1mL
EUR 113

NADP (disodium salt)

HY-F0002A 500mg
EUR 271

Dimethylglyoxime disodium salt

DD1221 100g
EUR 63.92

ADA disodium salt

GB0256-100G 100 g
EUR 110

PIPES disodium salt

GB1799-100G 100 g
EUR 110

ADA disodium salt

GB0256-500G 500 g
EUR 341

PIPES disodium salt

GB1799-250G 250 g
EUR 181

PIPES disodium salt

GB1799-25G 25 g
EUR 70

PIPES disodium salt

GB1799-500G 500 g
EUR 309

POPSO disodium salt

GB6170-100G 100 g
EUR 269

POPSO disodium salt

GB6170-25G 25 g
EUR 126

Carbenicillin disodium salt

GA1299-10G 10 g
EUR 229

Carbenicillin disodium salt

GA1299-1G 1 g
EUR 86

Carbenicillin disodium salt

GA1299-250MG 250 mg
EUR 59

Carbenicillin disodium salt

GA1299-25G 25 g
EUR 341

Carbenicillin disodium salt

GA1299-5G 5 g
EUR 158

Ticarcillin disodium salt

GA1874-100MG 100 mg
EUR 50

Ticarcillin disodium salt

GA1874-1G 1 g
EUR 110

Ticarcillin disodium salt

GA1874-500MG 500 mg
EUR 78

Cefotetan disodium salt

GA5476-100MG 100 mg
EUR 86

Cefotetan disodium salt

GA5476-1G 1 g
EUR 181

Phosphomycin disodium salt

GA7173-1G 1 g
EUR 70

Phosphomycin disodium salt

GA7173-25G 25 g
EUR 289

Phosphomycin disodium salt

GA7173-5G 5 g
EUR 134

cGAMP disodium salt

GL2101-100UG 100 ug
EUR 160

cGAMP disodium salt

GL2101-500UG 500 ug
EUR 332

Balsalazide disodium salt

GP7647-1G 1 g
EUR 110

Etidronate disodium salt

GP3560-1G 1 g
EUR 174

Lobenzarit disodium salt

GP3753-100MG 100 mg
EUR 229

BCIP disodium salt

BB1171 500mg
EUR 232.7

NBQX disodium salt

B6566-10 10 mg
EUR 222

NBQX disodium salt

B6566-25 25 mg
EUR 389

NBQX disodium salt

B6566-5 5 mg
EUR 139

NBQX disodium salt

B6566-50 50 mg
EUR 683

CNQX disodium salt

B6567-1 1 mg
EUR 134

CNQX disodium salt

B6567-10 10 mg
EUR 215

CNQX disodium salt

B6567-50 50 mg
EUR 746

ATP disodium salt

B3304-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL H2O)
EUR 108
Description: ATP Disodium salt is a P2 purinoceptor agonist.

ATP disodium salt

B3304-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: ATP Disodium salt is a P2 purinoceptor agonist.

ATP disodium salt

B3304-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: ATP Disodium salt is a P2 purinoceptor agonist.

Phosphoramidon Disodium Salt

B4790-25 25 mg
EUR 490
Description: Phosphoramidon Disodium Salt is a potent inhibitor of metalloproteinase [1]. Metalloproteinase is an enzyme whose catalytic mechanism involves a metal. Most metalloproteases require zinc and some require cobalt.

Phosphoramidon Disodium Salt

B4790-5 5 mg
EUR 189
Description: Phosphoramidon Disodium Salt is a potent inhibitor of metalloproteinase [1]. Metalloproteinase is an enzyme whose catalytic mechanism involves a metal. Most metalloproteases require zinc and some require cobalt.

DNQX disodium salt

B5288-100 100 mg
EUR 279

DNQX disodium salt

B5288-25 25 mg
EUR 128

DNQX disodium salt

B5288-50 50 mg
EUR 186

Carbenicillin, Disodium Salt

A2511-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Carbenicillin inhibits the cell-wall synthesis (peptidoglycan cross-linking) by inactivating transpeptidase on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.Carbenicillin is a white to slightly yellow, hygroscopic powder soluble in water and in alcohol.

Carbenicillin, Disodium Salt

A2511-50 50 mg
EUR 131
Description: Carbenicillin inhibits the cell-wall synthesis (peptidoglycan cross-linking) by inactivating transpeptidase on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.Carbenicillin is a white to slightly yellow, hygroscopic powder soluble in water and in alcohol.

UDP disodium salt

B7278-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108

UDP disodium salt

B7278-50 50 mg
EUR 125

Phosphocreatine disodium salt

B7648-25 25 mg
EUR 196

Hypoxanthine Disodium Salt

B1185-1G
EUR 109

Hypoxanthine Disodium Salt

B1185-5G
EUR 240

cGAMP disodium salt

2435-100
EUR 196

NADH, disodium salt

2735-1000
EUR 169

NADH, disodium salt

2735-500
EUR 142

NADH, disodium salt

2735-5000
EUR 544

NADP, disodium salt

2736-100
EUR 153

NADP, disodium salt

2736-1000
EUR 784

NADP, disodium salt

2736-500
EUR 457

NBQX disodium salt

2759-25
EUR 642

NBQX disodium salt

2759-5
EUR 207

BCA disodium salt

2810-100G
EUR 865

BCA disodium salt

2810-1G
EUR 120

BCA disodium salt

2810-500G
EUR 2605

BCA disodium salt

2810-5G
EUR 218

EDTA, dipotassium salt, dihydrate

ED0075 250g
EUR 83.06

EDTA, tetrasodium salt dihydrate

EB0436 500g
EUR 88.28

EDTA tetrasodium salt hydrate

GE3450-1KG 1 kg
EUR 68

EDTA tetrasodium salt hydrate

GE3450-500G 500 g
EUR 53

EDTA tetrasodium salt hydrate

GE3450-5KG 5 kg
EUR 166

EDTA dipotassium salt dihydrate

GE5635-100G 100 g
EUR 54

EDTA dipotassium salt dihydrate

GE5635-250G 250 g
EUR 74

EDTA dipotassium salt dihydrate

GE5635-500G 500 g
EUR 102

EDTA ferric sodium salt

GE7700-100G 100 g
EUR 44

EDTA ferric sodium salt

GE7700-1KG 1 kg
EUR 98

EDTA ferric sodium salt

GE7700-250G 250 g
EUR 54

EDTA ferric sodium salt

GE7700-500G 500 g
EUR 70

EDTA tetrasodium salt hydrate

GE3450-100G 100 g
EUR 41

EDTA tetrasodium salt hydrate

GE3450-250G 250 g
EUR 45

EDTA trisodium salt dihydrate

GE9701-100G 100 g
EUR 54

EDTA trisodium salt dihydrate

GE9701-250G 250 g
EUR 78

EDTA trisodium salt dihydrate

GE9701-500G 500 g
EUR 118

EDTA tetrasodium salt dihydrate

GK0795-100G 100 g
EUR 40

EDTA tetrasodium salt dihydrate

GK0795-1KG 1 kg
EUR 70

EDTA tetrasodium salt dihydrate

GK0795-2500G 2500 g
EUR 118

EDTA tetrasodium salt dihydrate

GK0795-250G 250 g
EUR 46

EDTA tetrasodium salt dihydrate

GK0795-500G 500 g
EUR 53

EDTA tripotassium salt dihydrate

GL1464-100G 100 g
EUR 61

EDTA tripotassium salt dihydrate

GL1464-250G 250 g
EUR 86

EDTA tripotassium salt dihydrate

GL1464-25G 25 g
EUR 44

EDTA tripotassium salt dihydrate

GL1464-500G 500 g
EUR 128

MUP, disodium salt, trihydrate

M0740 1g
EUR 93.5

UDP-GlcNAc Disodium Salt

HY-112174 5mg
EUR 165

Pamoic acid disodium salt

GK6564-100G 100 g
EUR 86

Pamoic acid disodium salt

GK6564-250G 250 g
EUR 142

Pamoic acid disodium salt

GK6564-25G 25 g
EUR 54

Sulfobromophthalein disodium salt hydrate

GK6995-25G 25 g
EUR 245

Sulfobromophthalein disodium salt hydrate

GK6995-5G 5 g
EUR 110

Clodronate disodium salt hydrate

GP6103-1G 1 g
EUR 86

Bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt

GT0734-100MG 100 mg
EUR 50

Bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt

GT0734-1G 1 g
EUR 110

Bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt

GT0734-250MG 250 mg
EUR 62

Bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt

GT0734-500MG 500 mg
EUR 80

ADA buffer, disodium salt

AB0005 25g
EUR 66.53

CL 316243 disodium salt

B6766-1 1 mg
EUR 109
Description: EC50: (3.0±0.3) X 10-8 M for ?3 adrenoceptor [1].Benzodioxole-containing phenethanolamine CL-316,243 is a murine-selective ?3 adrenoceptor agonist which can correct obesity and elevated blood glucose in diabetic rodents.

CL 316243 disodium salt

B6766-10 10 mg
EUR 293
Description: EC50: (3.0±0.3) X 10-8 M for ?3 adrenoceptor [1].Benzodioxole-containing phenethanolamine CL-316,243 is a murine-selective ?3 adrenoceptor agonist which can correct obesity and elevated blood glucose in diabetic rodents.

CL 316243 disodium salt

B6766-5 5 mg
EUR 206
Description: EC50: (3.0±0.3) X 10-8 M for ?3 adrenoceptor [1].Benzodioxole-containing phenethanolamine CL-316,243 is a murine-selective ?3 adrenoceptor agonist which can correct obesity and elevated blood glucose in diabetic rodents.

(RS)-MCPG disodium salt

B7476-10 10 mg
EUR 302

(RS)-MCPG disodium salt

B7476-50 50 mg
EUR 1114

Pamoic acid disodium salt

B7638-10 10 mg
EUR 480

Pamoic acid disodium salt

B7638-50 50 mg
EUR 1861

Dexamethasone phosphate . disodium salt

21-804 5 g
EUR 398.9
Description: Dexamethasone phosphate is a water-soluble form of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (AG-CR1-3742).Dexamethasone is a potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent useful in a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune conditions.This synthetic glucocorticoid acts as an agonist of human glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and binds with a higher affinity than the natural ligand cortisol (Kd = 5nM versus 17nM, respectively). Through GR activation, dexamethasone has both transactivating and transrepressing effects on gene expression, resulting in anti-inflammatory properties. The anti-inflammatory effects are complex, but primarily via inhibition of inflammatory cells and suppression of expression of inflammatory mediators.Dexamethasone has been shown to regulate T cell survival, growth and differentiation. It induces the production of phospholipase A2 inhibitory protein (lipocortin) and inhibits the induction of nitric oxide synthase (IC50 = 5nM). Dexamethasone is used to study apoptosis, cell signaling pathways, cell differentiation and gene expression. It also has been shown to be an activator of IDO through the induction of the GITR-GITRL pathway.Reduces levels of activated NF-κB in immature dendritic cells (DCs) and inhibits differentiation into mature DCs. Induces differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Also induces autophagy in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines.Dexamethasome is used in combination with several anticancer agents to improve the activity and has been shown to be useful in reducing the inflammatory factors in viral infections (EBV, RSV).The RECOVERY Trial recommended dexamethasone for use in COVID-19 patients with severe respiratory symptoms. Dexamethasone improves survival rates of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 by inhibiting cytokine storm.

EDTA, Iron (III), sodium salt

EB0437 100g
EUR 65.66

MUP, disodium salt [4-Methylumbelliferyl phosphate, disodium salt] *CAS 22919-26-2*

11610 25 mg
EUR 115

MUP, disodium salt [4-Methylumbelliferyl phosphate, disodium salt] *CAS 22919-26-2*

11612 10 g
EUR 898

NADH disodium salt, trihydrate, reduced

NB0642 1g
EUR 82.19

Guanosine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

HY-113066A 10mg
EUR 119

Glycerophosphoric acid (disodium salt hydrate)

HY-126304 100mg
EUR 108

Oleanolic acid hemiphthalate disodium salt

HY-128695 10mM/1mL
EUR 625

Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose (disodium salt)

HY-N7032 100mg
EUR 108

Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt

HY-W010832 100mg
EUR 108

5'-Guanylic acid (disodium salt)

HY-W010970 10mM/1mL
EUR 113

Uridine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

HY-W013175 100mg
EUR 108

4-Methylumbelliferyl phosphate disodium salt

GC5745-1G 1 g
EUR 166

4-Methylumbelliferyl phosphate disodium salt

GC5745-250MG 250 mg
EUR 75

Uridine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GC9934-100MG 100 mg
EUR 74

Uridine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GC9934-1G 1 g
EUR 261

Uridine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GC9934-250MG 250 mg
EUR 110

Uridine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GC9934-25MG 25 mg
EUR 52

Uridine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GC9934-500MG 500 mg
EUR 162

Phenyl phosphate disodium salt dihydrate

GE1672-50G 50 g
EUR 99

Guanosine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GE3702-100MG 100 mg
EUR 118

Guanosine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GE3702-250MG 250 mg
EUR 174

Adenosine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GE3988-1G 1 g
EUR 78

Adenosine 5'-diphosphate disodium salt

GE3988-250MG 250 mg
EUR 50

L-Tyrosine disodium salt hydrate

GE4061-100G 100 g
EUR 84

L-Tyrosine disodium salt hydrate

GE4061-25G 25 g
EUR 48

L-Tyrosine disodium salt hydrate

GE4061-50G 50 g
EUR 61

Uridine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

GE7138-100G 100 g
EUR 269

Uridine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

GE7138-25G 25 g
EUR 110

Uridine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

GE7138-5G 5 g
EUR 62

Creatine phosphate disodium salt hydrate

GE7721-100G 100 g
EUR 333

Creatine phosphate disodium salt hydrate

GE7721-25G 25 g
EUR 150

Creatine phosphate disodium salt hydrate

GE7721-5G 5 g
EUR 74

Phenyl phosphate disodium salt dihydrate

GE1672-100G 100 g
EUR 150

Phenyl phosphate disodium salt dihydrate

GE1672-10G 10 g
EUR 52

Phenyl phosphate disodium salt dihydrate

GE1672-25G 25 g
EUR 74

Guanosine-5'-triphosphate disodium salt

GE2026-1G 1 g
EUR 229

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi(heptahydrate)

GA6812-1G 1 g
EUR 62

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi(heptahydrate)

GA6812-25G 25 g
EUR 229

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi(heptahydrate)

GA6812-5G 5 g
EUR 94

Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate

GK3616-10G 10 g
EUR 134

Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate

GK3616-1G 1 g
EUR 54

Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate

GK3616-25G 25 g
EUR 240

Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate

GK3616-5G 5 g
EUR 90

Succinic acid disodium salt, anhydrous

GK7702-100G 100 g
EUR 43

Succinic acid disodium salt, anhydrous

GK7702-1KG 1 kg
EUR 94

Succinic acid disodium salt, anhydrous

GK7702-5KG 5 kg
EUR 245

Dexamethasone 21-phosphate disodium salt

GL6086-1G 1 g
EUR 110

Moreover, yokukansankachimpihange (YKH), a mix of yokukansan with Chimpi and Hange (Pinellia) was additionally examined as a result of Chimpi is taken into account to play an important half in this formulation in opposition to anxious signs in dementia sufferers.

The outcomes confirmed that Chimpi and YKH possess a major anxiolytic-like impact much like that of fluoxetine, suggesting that they could be much like fluoxetine in their pharmacological actions by way of the serotonergic neurotransmission pathway.

Moreover, it additionally advised that the main chemical constituent, hesperidin may very well be an lively precept attributed to the antianxiety-like results with a direct and oblique position through its aglycone hesperetin.